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First Aid Crib Sheet - MnemonicsThe content of First Aid Courses keep changing, please don't tell me if some mnemonic has been updated without a good reason. However, if there is a "genuine" reason for the change (e.g. Awareness of Agaonal Breathing in CPR,) I would welcome an email.
Someof these Mnemonics are intended for medical experts and not relevant unless you are trained and some duplicate others.
|ABBBBB||Assess Breathing Bleeding Breaks Burns Body_temp|
|ACT||Access Communicate Treat|| |
|ASH ICE||Age Sex History Injuries Conciousness(level_of/any_changes) Everything_else||What to tell medics|
|AVPU||Alert Voice(responds_to) Pain(can_it_be_felt) Unresponsive||Levels of conciousness|
|CASMEET||Callsign Age Sex History Injuries/Illness Condition ETA|
|CHALETS||Casualties(number_and_condition) Hazards Access(how_to_get_to_scene) Location Emergency_Services(what_is_needed) Type(of_incident) Safety(any_dangers)|
|CHAT||Chief_complaint History Allergies Treatment|
|DOTS||Deformity Open_wound Tenderness Swelling||Head to toe survey|
|Drs ABC||Danger(check_for) Response(check_for) Airway Breathing Circulation Disability Examination Further_treatmet Go_to_hospital||Ambulance treatment|
|Dr ABCDEFG||Danger(check_for) Response(check_for) Shout(call_ambulance) Airway Breathing Circulation||What to do if you find an unconcious casualty|
|FISH SHAPED||Fainting Infantile_Convulsions Shock Head_injury Stroke Heart_attack Asphyxia(breathing_problem) Poisons Epilepsy Diabeties||Causes of Unconciousness|
|HEAD||Head Examination Action Documentation|
|LIP DUST||Loss(of_movement) Irregularity Pain Deformity Unnatural(position/movement) Swelling Tenderness||Warnings to suspect a broken bone|
|Look Listen Feel||Look(for_chest_movement) Listen(at_mouth) Feel(can_you_feal_breath)||Is casualty breathing|
See note on Agonal Breathing
|PEARL||Pupils Equal_and Reactive_to Light|
|PEEP||Position Exposure Elevate(the_bleeding_limb) Pressure||Dealing with bleeding|
|PLASTIC||Pain Loss(of_movement) Angle(bones_displaced) Swelling Tenderness Irregularity Crepitis||Warnings to suspect a broken bone|
|PQRSTU||Provoke Quality(Ache/sharp/pulsing) Radiating Severity(does_this_change?) Timing Usual(Does_casualty_think_this_is_normal)||Recording casualties perception of pain|
|REED||Rest Expose Elevate Direct(pressure)||Severe Bleeding|
|RICE||Rest Ice Compression Elevation||Sprains and Strains|
|SAMPLE||Signs(and_Symptoms) Allergies Medication Previous(Medical_History) Last(When_casualty_last_ate/drank) Event(history)|
|SCALD||Size Cause Age Location Depth|
Agonal Breathing - It is possible for an unconcious casualty to make noises similar to gasping without breathing. Not breathing will cause death, with CPR they have a chance! (There is an internet video clip in circulation showing successful CPR on an Agonal patient)
CPR - Adult who has drowned = 5 rescue breaths then repeat (30 chest compressions + 2 rescue breaths) until help arrives
CPR - Adult who did not drown = repeat (30 chest compressions + 2 rescue breaths) until help arrives
CPR - Child = 5 rescue breaths then repeat (30 chest compressions + 2 rescue breaths) until help arrives
CPR - Death due to Chemical Poisoning - Consider your own safety, if chemicals killed the casualty, they may also kill you!
These notes are not intended as First Aid advice - they are purely some mnemonics that could be both outdated and wrong - if you want to know more consider a course or first-aid sites provided by medical experts.
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